When you are writing a formal document in the English language, one of the key concepts to understand is adjectives and how to use them correctly.
Adjectives make up about 25% of the words that are included in the vocabulary of the English language.
An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun – giving the reader more information.
Here are some examples.
Possessive adjectives: “Is that your dog?” The adjective is “your”, other adjectives that could be used in a similar context include “my”, “his”, “her”, “our”, “their”, and “its”.
Demonstrative adjectives: “That clumsy child fell in the puddle”. The adjective is “that”, other adjectives that could be used in a similar context include “this”, “these”, “what”, and “those”.
Interrogative adjectives: “What concert are you going to watch?” The adjective “what” is asking for more information about the noun “concert”. Another adjective that could be used in this context is “which”.
Indefinite adjectives: “All babies cry when they are hungry”. The adjective “all” modifies “babies” but doesn’t quantify how many so it is indefinite.
One of the complicating factors with adjectives is that there are quite a number of Latin adjectives that are actively used within the English language. This reflects the evolution of the English language over time, it often assimilated and adapted words from other languages. Some examples of Latin adjectives currently used in English are “aqua”, “bonus”, “magnum”, “neuter”, “sinister, “emeritus”, “fidelis”, “gratis”, and “simplex”.
So you see, there is nothing straightforward about adjectives, or any other part of the English language for that matter. This is why it is important to always have your work proofread – especially formal documents that need to be accurate.